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Operating System Kise Kahte Hai – OS Types and Working In Detail


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Operating System Kise Kahte Hai - OS Types and Working In Detail
Operating System Kise Kahte Hai

Computer aaj sabhi use karte hai. Shayad is baat ko bhi jante honge aaj koi bhi computer system ya mobile device bina operating system ke nahi aata. Kyon ki kisi bhi system ko chalane ke liye apko operating systems jaruri hota hai. Operating system ki help se aap apne computer se attach hardware ko control karte he. Toh aaj hum yahi janenege ki operating system kise kahte hai?

Operating System Kise Kahte Hai

System me operating system hi apke hardware ko command karta hai. Iska matlab operating system computer or user ke beech interface ka kaam karta hai. Operating system ek software program hota hai jo computer se sabhi hardware and software resources ko manage karne ka kaam karta hai. Apke computer me operating system sabhi kaam karta hai. Toh chaliye jante hai operating system kise kahte hai and ye kitne typa ke hote hai.

Functions of operating system

  1. Memory management

Operating system apke system me kisi bhi program ko run karne ke liye ya store karna ke jis bhi memory ka use hota hai ushe manage operating system hi karta. Isme apke system ki dono memory include hoti hai chay vo primary memory hoy a secondary. Kisi bhi task ko apke system me chalne ke liye kuch space ki jururat padhti hai. Iske liye operating system hi inhe hard disk ya system memory ko use karne ki permission deta hai.

  1. Io management

Apke system se connect hone vae device ya apke system ki hi input output ko manage karna io management hota hai. Isse apke system job hi input process hoti use generate hone vali output ko manage karna or use control karna hai. Ye sab kaam apke system me operating system hi karta hai.

  1. Security provide

Apke system ke liye security bahut jaruri hote hai. Iske liye aap apne system me password ya koi or feature use karte hai. Jo apke system me o.s. hi control karta hai. Apke system me security management sab kuch operating system par depend karta hai.

  1. Processor management

Apke system me process ko manage karne ka kaam operating system hi karta hai. Isse apki process ki priority sab kuch apke system me operating system hi control karta hai. Multiprocessing apke system ko kafi fast bana deti hai par isse apke system par work load bhi bahut ho jata hai. Iske liye apke system ki parallel processes ko operating system control karke apke system ko fast bana deta hai.

Operating system apke computer me important role toh play karta hi hai. Iske sath sath iske types bhi hote hai jo alag alag devices ke liye banaye gaye hai.

Types of operating system

Operating system kise kahte hai yeh toh hamne dekh liya. Chaliye ab jante he OS types ke baare me.

  1. Batch operating system

Is operating system me agar hume koi bhi kaam karna padhta tha iske liye hume punch card ka use karna padta tha. Iske liye hume job ko pahle punch card par prepare karna padhta tha. Fir hume in sabhi jobs ka group banana padhta tha. Iske baad ye sari jobs groups me hi run hoti thi. Iski vagah se ye sari jobs one by one batch me execute hoti thi. Is o. S ko batch operating system kahte hai.

  1. Time sharing operating system

Is operating system me sabhi process ke liye time ko share kiya jata hai. Iske liye system me kitni sari algorithm use kari jati hai. Jisse sabhi processes ke beech me time ko divide kiya jata hai. Jisse sabhi process resources ko use kar sake. Isme sabhi process ko processor ko use karne ke liye time diya jata hai or isme hi vo execute hoti hai.

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  1. Distributed operating system

Distributed system me multiple central processor ka use kiya jata hai. Jiski help se multiple user real time applications run kar sakte hai. Is operating system me ek processor dusre processor ke sath communicate karne ke liye high speed communication lines ka use karte hai. Example ke liye telephone lines.

Distributed system me jo processor hpte hai unhe node ya site kahte hai. Isme use hone vale system ko loosely coupled system kaha jata hai.

  1. Network operating system

Network operating kisi bhi server ke liye kam karta hai iske liye ye system server par run kiya jata hai. Is operating system se aap dusre computer ka data. Security ko manage karne ka kaam karta hai. Is operating system ko use karke hum kitne hi devices ko network ko use karke share kar sakte hai. Ek system se dusre system ko connect kar sakte hai. Files ko share kar sakte hai. Example ke liye printer. Scanner in sabhi devices ko share ko kar sakte hai. Network operating system ke kitne hi type hote hai. Jo niche explain kiye gaye hai.

Network operating systems

  1. Windows operating system

Windows aaj duniya me sabse jada use kiye jana vala system hai. Apko wimdows aaj sabhi computer me installed mil jaega. Kyon ki ek toh ishe use karna bada easy hai. Dusra aap windows system user ko ek better interface provide karta hai. Iske market me kitne hi versions aa chuke hai. Jisme latest version windows 10 hai. Jo bada hi attractive ko performance me bhi kafi better hai. Win/Windows version niche diye gaye hai.

  1. Linux operating system

Apko linux operating system kam hi system me dekhne ko milega. Linux ek free operating system hai. Ye apke system ko kafi achi security provide karta hai. Ye apke system ki sari process ko manage karta hai. Iska security feature baki sare os se kafi better hai. Ye linux kernel system par chalta hai. Linux operating system ko hum red hat ya ubuntu operating system ke naam se bhi jante hai. Ye operating system gui par work karta hai. Yeh operating system multiuser ko support karta hai. Yah operating system agar apko use karna hai toh iske liye apko iski command ka use karna ache se aana chayie. Kyon ki ye command par hi work karta hai.

  1. Mac operating system

Ye operating system duniya ka highly advance operating system hai. Ishe apple phone or tablets or system me use kiya jata hai. Iski performance baki sabhi operating system se kafi jada hoti hai. Ishe use karna kafi tough hota hai. Apko apple company ke sabhi brands me mac operating system pre installed hi milega. Par ye ek super work support operating system hai jo apko ek high technology ki feel deta hai.

  1. Android operating system

Aaj apko mobiles me sabse jada yehi operating system najar aaega. Kyon ki isme aap koi bhi app badi aasani se installed kar sakte hai. Aaj sabse jada apko mobiles me marshmallow or noughat 7. 0 android operating system dekhne ko milege. Agar apke mobile me android installed hai to hap google aaj sabhi kaam ko akrne ke liye kisi bhi app ko apne system me installed kar sakte hai.

Umeed karte he aaj ke ye article operating system kise kahte hai and uske OS types ke baare me aap ache se samajh gaye honge.

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Operating System Kise Kahte Hai – OS Types and Working In Detail

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