Mungfali Ki Kheti Kaise Kare – मूँगफली की खेती कैसे करे Hindi Jankari


Mungfali Ki Kheti Kaise Kare - मूँगफली की खेती कैसे करे Hindi

Mungfali Ki Kheti Kaise Kare – मूँगफली की खेती कैसे करे Hindi

Mungfali Ki Kheti Kaise Kare – मूँगफली की खेती कैसे करे

Mungfali kharif and jayad dono mausam ki fasal hai. Kharif ki important tilhani fasal hai. Yeh hawa tatha barish dwara bhumi katne se bachati hai. Ismai protein 22 se 28 %, carbohydrate 10 se 12 % tatha vasa (fat) 48 se 50 % payi jati hai. Yeh mukhye jhansi, hardoi, sitapur, khirir, unnav, bareli, badayo, aeta, menpuri, farukhabad, muradabd and saharanpur ke adheek cheterfal main ugayi jati hai. Adheek varsha hone ke karan kharif main utpadan kam ho gaya hai, aur garm matalb jayad main iska utpadan badhta jar aha hai. Chaliye jane Mungfali Ki Kheti Kaise Kare – Tips – Jankari Hindi Me.

Mungfali ki kheti main kis tarah se apne kheto ki tayari kare ?

Jayad main mungfali ki kheti hetu khet ki tayari achi tarah karni chaiye. Yadi matar ya rai ki katayi ke baad kheti ki ja rahi hai, toh un kheto ki ek gehri jutayi ke baad do – tin jutayi deshi hal ya cultivator se karke bhurbhura bana lena chaiye. Jayad main akhiri jutayi ke baad pta laga kar khet ko samtal bana lena chaiye. Jisse ki paani lagane main suvidha rahe aur sabhi jagah paani safalta se lagaya ja sake.

Mungfali ki buwayi main bij ki matra parti hectare kitni dalni chaiye aur bijo ka shodhan hamare kisan bhai kis prakar kare ?

Mausam ke adhar par bij ki matra alag alag rehti hai. Kharif ki fasal main 90 – 95 kilogram hector buvayi main lagta hai. Jayad ki fasal main 95 – 100 kilo prati hectare bij buvayi main lagta hain. Baune se pehle bij (giri) ko thirum 2 gram aur 1 gram 50% carbendazim ke mixture ko 2 gram prati kilogram bij ki dar se shodhit karna chaiye. Athva 1.5 gram thiophanate methyl parti kilogram bij ki dar se shodhit karna chaiye. Is shodhan ke 5 – 6 ghante baad baune se pehle bij ko mungfali ke vishishat raizovium culture se upcharit kar lena chaiye. Ek packet 250 gram ka culture 10 gram bij ke liye peryapt hota hai. Adha liter paani and 50 gram gud ko gholkar culture main milakar 10 kilogram bij main mila dena chaiye. Is tarah upcharit karne ke baad bij ko 2 – 3 ghante sukhakar bij buvayi subeh 10 baje se pehle ya 4 baje ke baad karni chaiye.

Mungfali ki fasal ki khudayi kab kis prakar karni chaiye ?

Khudayi tabhi fasal ki karni chaiye jab mungfali ke chilke ke upar nase ubher aye tatha bhitar ka bhag kathyi rang ka ho jaye. Aur mungfali ka dana gulabi rang ka ho jaye usi samay khudayi karni chaiye. Khudayi karte samay dhayan rakhna chaiye ki paudha sidha rakhe palatkar kadi dhoop ki taraf nahi rakhna chahiye. Aham Baat yeh hai ki 70 – 80 % faliya pakane ke baad hi khudayi ki jaye toh nuksaan nahi hota hai. Khudayi ke baad jab fasal prapt kar lete hain toh usko sukhana bahut jaruri hai. Khudayi main sabse important baat yeh hai ki faliyu ki sukhayi pedo ki chaya main kare dhoop main sukhane par jamav percentage kam ho jata hai. Yadi pedo ki chaya nahi hai toh mungfali ki tudayi sham 4 baje ke baad chaya main karni chahiye jisse jamav percentage mungfali ka kam na ho sake.

Mungfali ki fasal se perti hectare kitni upaz prapt ho jati hai ?

Mungfali ki upaz mausam ke adhar par alag alag payi jati hai. Kharif ki fasal main upaz 25 se 30 quintile prati hectare hoti hain. Isi prakar se jayad ki fasal main upaj main upaj 28 se 30 quintile prati hectare prapt hoti hai.

Kheti Se Jada Paise Kaise Kamaye.

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