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Hard Disk Ki Jankari and Types of Hard Disk – Detailed Hindi Info


Hard Disk Ki Jankari and Types of Hard Disk - Detailed Hindi Info
Hard Disk Ki Jankari and Types of Hard Disk – Detailed Hindi Info

Hard Disk Ki Detailed Jankari – Hindi Me

Hello dosto Aaj Ham Is article me hard disk ke bare me baat karne ja rahe hai. Chaliye Sab se pahle sab Hard disk ke meaning Aur hard disk / hard Drive ke History par thoda Baat karte hai. Hard disk Ek aaisa device hai jo Aap ke data ko store karta hai, Basically hard drives Storage Device hote hai. IBM ke dawara 1956 ke Launch kiya gaya Hard disk 1960 tak logo ka maan pasand Secondary storage device ban gaya tha. Hard disk me data Electromagnetically Record hota hai.

Chaliye Aab Ham Hard disk ke history ko jante hai. Hard disk Ko Sab se pahle 1956 data storage ki tarah IBM real time Transaction processing computer me use kiya gaya. Iske kuch samay baad Isse General purpose ke liye minicomputer aur mainframe ke liye Develope kiya gaya. IBM ke dawara banaya gaya Pahla Hard Drive ka Size 2 medium Fridge ke barabar tha. Aur ye Drive 5 million six-bit character store kar sakte the vo bhe 50 disk ke dher me.

1962 me IBM ne Apna naya Hard drive model introduce kiya Ye model tha 1311. Iska size ek washing machine ke barabar tha and Ye hard drive 2 million character store karta tha. Hard drive ke user agar chahte toh Aur packs kharid sakte the Aur apne jarurt ke anusar Aapas me badal sakte the. Iske baad banaye gaye sabhi Hard drives computer me use hone lage Aur 1980 Tak inki capacity 300 megabytes tak pahuch gayi.

1973 me IBM se Ek aur naya Hard disk drive banaya jisko naam diya gaya Winchester, Winchester Ki sab se achi baat ye thi ki power chale jane par bhe head disk puri tarah se plate se alag nahi hota. Alag nahi ho kar ye head disk ke ek khas jagah par ruk jata tha. 1980 ke Shuruwati dino me Hard disk drive bahut he costly hote the lekin 1980 ka dashak khatam hote hote Hard disk ka price kaam hone lag gaye and Ye saste se saste computers me bhe aane laga. Ye tha Hard disk Drive ka History.

Chaliye Aage badte Hai Aur Hard disk ke bare me aur kuch jante hai. Kya aap ko Ye pata hai ki Ek hard drive me kya kya parts hote hai? Toh chaliye pahle ham iske parts ke bare me jante hai. Hard disk me Vaise toh jada parts hote nahi hard disk bilkul simple dikta hai, hard drive me ek ya kabhi kabhi ek se jada silver color ke plates hote hai iske sath Read-write head jo ki ek arm mechanism hota hai and sath he sath ek circuit hota to sabhi cheezo ko control karne ke liye.

Agar ham Hard drive ki 3 sab se important parts ke bare me baat kare toh usme platters pahle rank pe aayega ye ek bahut important part hai. Platters circular disk hoti hai hard drive ke aandar, Inko glass ya aluminum ye banaya jata hai permanenly data store karne ke liye. Dusre number par Read/Write arm aayega, ye read/write heads ke movements ko control karte hai. Read/write arm ke baad ham 3rd rank pe Actuator ko rakhenge, Actuator ek chote size ka motor hota hai jo drive circuit board se instructions leta hai read/write arm ke movement ko control karne ke liye.

Types of hard disk / Hard disk ke types

IDE ( Intregrated drive electronic)

IDE derives ko PATA ke naam se bhe jana jata hai iska full form hota hai parallel Advance technology attachment. IDE PATA drives me 40 pins hote hai, aur Ye 8 bit data ek baar me send karta hai. IDE pata drives aap ko 133 MB / per second rate transfer karne ki suvida deta hai. Aap ek PATA Cable me do alag alag cable connect kar sakte hai vo dono cable alag alagg naam se jane jate hai ek ko ham master bolte hai toh dusre ko ham slave bolte hai.

SATA ( Serial Advance technology Attachment Drive )

SATA drives me usually 7 pins hote hai. SATA ko PATA ke naye version ki tarah banaya gaya hai, ya kahh sakte hai SATA, PATA drives ka evolution hai. SATA ka jo transfer rate hai vo shuru he 150 mbps se hota hai. SATA ke design ki sab se achi baat hai uske patle cable jo Chassis ke design ko chota banane me bahut madadgar sabit hue. IDE cables jo PATA system me use hote the vo bahut jada space lete the aur unko sirf 40 CM tak extend kiya ja sakta tha lakin SATA cables ko ham 1 meter tak extend kar sakte hai.

SCSI (Small computer system interface drive)

SCSI ko American national standard institute (ANSI) iske printer, scanners aur disk drive ko computer ko attact6 karne ke liye banaya gaya. Iska pahla version 8-bit ka version tha Jo ki 5mbps tak bhej sakta tha. SCSI Drives me usually 50 se 60 pins hote the. Aur Ye 640 MB per second transfer kar sakta tha. Ek SCSI cable minimum 16 drives ko connect kar sakta tha.

Mujay Umeed hai Ki aapko Hard disk se related sare problems ya doubts is article ko padhne ke baad khatam ho gaye honge.

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Hard Disk Ki Jankari and Types of Hard Disk – Detailed Hindi Info

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