CPU Ki Jankari – सीपीयू की जानकारी – CPU Ke Types


CPU Ki Jankari - सीपीयू की जानकारी - CPU Ke Types

CPU Ki Jankari – सीपीयू की जानकारी – CPU Ke Types

CPU Ki Jankari – सेंट्रल प्रोसेसिंग यूनिट के टाइप्स

Dosto aap sab jaante hai ki hum sab aaj kal kisi na kisi prakaar se computer se jude hai or hum kisi bhi field me jaaye hame computer ki jarurat padti hai. Present time me computer ne hamare kaam bahut asaan kar diye hai. Kya aap jaante hai ki es computer jisne hamari jindgi ko asaan bana diya hai uska main part kya hai? CPU (central processing unit). Aaj hum yahi janenge CPU ki jankari Aur CPU ke types.

CPU ki jankari

Ji han computer ka main part CPU hai ise computer ka source ya brain kaha jata hai. Kyonki computer ki sabhi process CPU me hoti hai or ye saare computer ko manage karta hai. CPU se hi aapka computer Run karta hai or iske bina aapka computer koi kaam ka nahi hai. CPU ka pura naam central process unit hai. CPU me hi computer ke saare software daale jaate hai. CPU hi aapke dwara input kiye gaye data ko apne andar process kar ke aapko output pradaan karta hai. Ek CPU ko aap processing unit (PC) bhi kah sakte hai kyon ki computer ki saari process CPU me hi hoti hai.

Dosto CPU me ek microprocessor chip hota hai jo aapke computer ko sochne ki capacity deta hai or aapke command ke anusaar work karta hai. Isi kaaran se aapka CPU garam hota hai or isko cold rakhne ke liye isme ek chota sa fan laga rahta hai. Dosto aapke computer ki speed uske processor or RAM par nirbhar rahti hai or aaj tak keval do hi yesi company hai jo microprocessor banati hai- Intel or AMD. Saare processor ki capacity hurt me mapi jaati hai or ye dono processor company technology or capacity ke adhaar par microprocessor ke version ko alag alag code name deti hai.

Computer CPU ke types

Dosto CPU ko uske kaam karne ki process ke adhaar par main 3 part me baanta gaya hai –

1. Arithmetic Logical Unit (ALU) – ye unit data par calculation karna yani aapke computer me logical, addition, substraction or multiplication ka kaam karta hai.

2. Control unit (CU)- ALU dwara bheje gaye process kiye gaye data ko control karna yani aapke computer ke jo work hai unko control or manage karta hai.

3. Memory unit (MU)- ye aapke computer se juda memory ka kaam karta hai jaise Read only memory (ROM), Random access memory (RAM).

4. Dosto agar aap kahe ki CPU kitne prakaar ke hote hai to ye tay karna muskil hai kyonki dosto ek CPU kai tarah ke chote chote parts ko milakar banta hai jo market me alag alag aate hai jaise -hard disk, motherboard, processor, RAM, DVD rider, power supply etc en sab ko milakar ek CPU banta hai. CPU ke types uske processor or RAM ke adhaar par banta hai or processor company koi na koi naya processor nikalti rahti hai jaisa ki puraane samay me CPU me P1 K processor dalta tha jisme multimedia carry nahi kiya ja sakta tha or ye kaafi slow work karta tha aur inki speed 233 MHZ se 533 MHZ tak hoti thi. Fir dhire dhire sekdho processor launch hote gaye or hamara computer or CPU adhunik banta gaya jaise -P3 (533mhz to 933mhz), P4 (1. 3Ghz to 2. 8ghz), Dual core (1. 4ghz to 3ghz) etc. Aaj kal 512 GB RAM or 1TB RAM ke CPU jayda lokpriye hai.

CPU ke Parts or unki detail

Motherboard

Motherboard CPU ka ek main part hai. Ye computer ka wo part hai jis se computer ke sabhi part Jude rahte hai.

Hard disk

Computer me data ko save karne ke liye hard disk ko use kiya jata hai. Aap apne computer me jo bhi cheej jaise videos, song, documents, etc save karte hai wo sidhe CPU ki hard disk me save hota hai. Ye do tarah ki hoti hai internal hard disk or external hard disk.

Power supply

Ye aapke system ko power supply karta hai. Aapke CPU ki sabhi keval isse judi rahti hai.

DVD Drive

Ye ek digital video disk hai jo aap DVD disk chalane ke liye use karte hai.

Processor

Apke CPU ka ye ek main part hai. Computer me diye gaye sabhi input ko ye process karta hai or unke upar kaam karta hai or aapko output pradaan karta hai.

RAM and ROM

Ye bhi aapke CPU ka main part hai. RAM aapke computer ko speed pradaan karta hai or RAM ke bina aapka processor kaam nahi kar sakta. Aapke computer me kiye gaye work ko RAM collect karti jaati hai or jaise hi computer band hota hai to RAM ye data ko mita deti hai. Jabki ROM me maujood data ko aap kabhi bhi pad sakte hai ye power jaane par data ko nahi mitati hai.

Monitor Ki Jankari – मॉनिटर की जानकारी Monitor Types.

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